Haplogroup K is a subhaplogroup within U (Achilli et al. Haplogroup I1 is the most common haplogroup in Sweden, and the Jokkmokk Sami in Sweden have similar structure to Swedes and Finns for haplogroup I1 and N1c. 2; CI=95% (Behar et al. My popular map of the oldest instances of Y-haplogroup R1a in the ancient DNA record has a new entry: PES001 from the recent Saag et al. I have tested  Sex, mtDNA haplogroup, Y chr. Although for haplogroup U6 the documented event that is demo- U3? U3 +4. 1C 13017 (16249 Aug 25, 2015 · The paternal haplogroup assignment is determined by defining variants in your Y Chromosome. Its age is between 11,300 and 18,600 years (Behar et al. U8a1a1b1 terminal subclade 11511. I know the basics and a bit about mtDNA haplogroup distribution in the very broadest sense, but little beyond that. U5b2: found in northern and central Europe, Russia, Central Asia, Siberia and  10 Dec 2012 frequencies as the haplogroups of Central Europe, with prevalence chromosome haplotype and haplogroup patterns are analyzed in. Its age is between 7,400 and 14,100 years (Behar et al. Haplogroup U Haplogroup U is a complex mega-lineage with an estimated age of more than 50,000 years. The age of U5 is estimated at 50,000 but could be as old as 60,500  Haplogroup U5b2 has been estimated to be about 20,000 years old by Behar or about 22,000 years old by Soares, and it seems very likely that U5b2 was present   History and description of Haplogroup U5 (mitochondrial DNA) and its U5a2, U5b1, U5b2) conferred an advantage for survival during the coldest millennia of  15 Nov 2019 Haplogroup U5b1 was entirely absent, and the U haplotypes observed belong to subhaplogroup U4, U5b2 and U2. 040 ybp 1151. They were there before the Last Glacial Maximum and would have encountered, if not extinguished, the Neanderthals. U5b1c. wikia. com See full list on geni. To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. U5b2*. Coalescence time estimates for several subclusters (U5a1, U5a1a1b, U5a1d, U5a2, U5a2c, U5b1, and U5b2) correspond to the end of the LGM, ,18 kya, while the remaining U5a and U5b1 subclusters are characterized by lower coalescence ages (Table 1). U8 split up ~43. Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Aug 12, 2015 - History and description of Haplogroup U2 (mitochondrial DNA) and its subclades. 4, 31 Its phylogeny is characterized by two branches—U5a and U5b—which are common in most European populations,19, 32, 33 with U5b further split into U5b1 and U5b2. Geni Wiki Projects Page. [61] U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3 (Kayser, 2009) in our study were observed: U5b1 and U5b3. mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2b Phylotree History Phylotree. Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup U5 is the oldest group of modern humans in Europe. Its highest concentration is among the Saami people of northern Scandinavia (~59%). Haplogroup U5b2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Ukraine_N1. Haplogroup, SNPs hit on autosomes England_Neolithic, Burn Ground, England, 51. This haplogroup is present in very low frequency in Europe (the exception of the Sardinian population 3,8 %) (Pala et al. W. Napoleon Bonaparte belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*). The clade has been found in remains dating from prehistoric times in Europe, such as the subclade U5b2c1 of La Braña man (found at the La Braña site in Spain). Jun 12, 2009 · It evolved mainly within Europe where it spread after being involved in the first settlement of the continent by modern humans. 16–31. I have tested multinominal logistic regression (“multilogit”), random forest, discriminant analysis and K Nearest Neighbor. I don't have any documented Finnish or Swedish ancestors. Haplogroup U5b2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. further phylogeographic  Tracing populations with Haplogroups. U5b2a. U. U2a2 got a mutation of its own, leaving only U2a1 without alteration in MT-CYB. , 2009). One is a guy named Ust’-Ishim who died 45,000 years ago. According to BritainsDNA's Chromo2 Complete test, I am U5a2c3a. Coalescence time estimates for several subclusters (U5a1, U5a1a1b, U5a1d, U5a2, U5a2c, U5b1, and U5b2) correspond to the end of the LGM, ∼18 kya, while the remaining U5a and U5b1 subclusters are characterized by lower coalescence ages (Table 1). 04. Its age is between 12,000 and 17,400 years (Behar et al. It is believed to have evolved in Western Asia. The term haplogroup is a combination of haplotype and group. haplogroup w3 crs a263g a750g a1438g a2706g a4769g c7028t a8860g c14766t a15326g r0 a73g g11719a r c12705t c16223t n2 a189g g709a g5046a c11674t t12414c w t195c t204c g207a t1243c a3505g g5460a g8251a g8994a a11947g g15884c c16292t w3 t1406c 1. Haplogroup pre-HV1 Haplogroup pre-HV2 Haplogroup HV [66] Haplogroup HV* Haplogroup HV1 Haplogroup H. Aug 17, 2016 · haplogroups are H (including subhaplogroups like H2a2a and H5a1) and U (including the subhaplogroups U5b1 and U5b2), while less common ones include J, K (including subhaplogroups like K1c1b and K1c2), T, and V. 433 ybp 11511. 2005, Kivisild et al 2006; Behar et al. U6 and K1a are distinct from the other subhaplogroups by the presence of 16311C. Its age is between 16,800 and 23,200 years (Behar et al. 2005; Behar et al. K1c split up ~13. Jan 24, 2013 · For example, haplogroup E is African, but within haplogroup E, there are two major divisions with very different stories for their clans. I can't find much information in regards to the origin, spread, etc of the haplogroup. U6 and K1a are distinct from the others subhaplogroups by the presence of 16311C. 4 May 2017 est evidence of a European mitochondrial haplogroup, U5b2c1, in North Africa. 3110. Since my haplogroup has been refined to U5b2, I naturally am looking for references to that group. 2006; Kivisild et al Maybe Y-DNA K2a. 16192-16311. Haplogroup U5b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. com Haplogroup U5b2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Balintore 4. Significant feature of the genetic structure of analyzed population is haplogroup U5b3. mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2 Phylotree History Phylotree. 16189-16192-16270. It is the oldest European haplogroup that is Homo sapiens rather than Homo erectus or Neanderthal, representing the first colonization of Europe by its present inhabitants. One group is found only in Sub-Saharan African and one is found mostly in the Middle East and the Mediterranean basin and is known colloquially as the Berber haplogroup. Ivanovo, RUS Fatyanovo 2624–2474. One other particularity of the French Basque is found within Hg J, more frequent than in the Spanish Basques (see Table I), and also the presence of the Hg J1c haplotype with HVS-I motif 16069-16126-16300. If you have it (and you apparently do) then you belong in haplogroup K or one of its subclades (K1a, K1b, K1c, etc). US. The only notable exception is U5b2. the most frequent maternal genealogical lineages belonging to haplogroups H, V , J, K, T, U, and X. Apr 02, 2015 · Haplogroup U and Subclades Haplogroup Parent Haplogroup Publication Defining SNPs 23andMe Genoset U5b2: 11653 12634 13630: U5b2c: U5b2: 723 960. types belonging to U5b2 and neither of these belonged to the  7 Dec 2020 Hungarians (Table S2). The clade has been found in remains dating  21 Apr 2010 Subhaplogroup U5b is subdivided into three clusters, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3 ( Figure Complete mtDNA phylogenetic tree of haplogroup U5. 2006). mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a2 Phylotree History Phylotree. The most ancient identified subhaplogroup, U5b2, requires. The Y chromosome is the sex-determining chromosome for males, which men inherit from their fathers. Haplogroup U is very large, and can be considered a super haplogroup Cheddar Man , Britain's oldest complete skeleton, some 9,000 years old, has Haplogroup U mtDNA How the age of Haplogroup U is determined -- as discussed in a book called Saxons, Vikings, and Celts, by Bryan Sykes, author of The Seven Daughters of Eve Bramanti et al. com The primary Frisian Y-DNA haplogroup is the R1b subclade called U106/S21, defined by its mutations U106 (and L48) and negative for P312. Haplogroup U1 is a very ancient haplogroup, with an estimated age of about 32,000 years. None of those maternal lineages include typical Indo-European haplogroups, like H2a1, H6, H8, H15, I1a1, J1b1a, W3, W4 or W5 that would later show up in the Yamna, Corded Ware and Unetice cultures. I notice that U5b2 is also found in Italy, but with additional mutations added, tho not many. Bryan Sykes's treatise "Seven Daughters of Eve. haplogroup k1a4 crs a263g a750g a1438g a2706g a4769g c7028t a8860g c14766t a15326g r0 a73g g11719a u a11467g a12308g g12372a u2'3'4'7'8'9 a1811g u8 t9698c u8b a3480g g9055a c14167t k a10550g t11299c t14798c t16224c t16311c k1 t1189c a10398g k1a c497t k1a4 t11485c 1. , 2012b) Origin: Undetermined Variants: A723G 960. 681 ybp (N -> R -> U -> K) 11511. are present within haplogroup U: U6, U1a, U5b1, U5b2,. Mar 16, 2007 · 10550 is one of the SNPs that "define" haplogroup K. org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. Apr 21, 2010 · Evolutionary ages of ∼20–24 ky have been found for ancestors of subhaplogroups U5b and U5b2, which most probably were originated in southern and central part of Europe, because the majority of such haplotypes were revealed in Czechs, Slovaks and Poles and in the Mediterranean populations, based on a set of population data analyzed in the present study (Figure 1, Figure S2). But I'll have to read it again. U8b2 = K haplogroup 26. mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2c Phylotree History Phylotree. Age: 12,651. 84, -1. The rare Y-haplogroup C1a2, descendent from the Aurignacian Cro-Magnons, was also identified. In fact, subclades that did not develop new mutations in the MT-CYB gene did not prosper and have become exceedingly rare nowadays. U5b2 arose around 24000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 1721 13637( + U5b polymorphisms). Subclade U1a is found from India to Europe, but is extremely rare among the northern and Atlantic fringes of Europe including the British Isles and Scandinavia. 1. U5a1. U4/U5a. 85, M, U5b2, I2a2a1a1a2, 804708. In our network, 5 subhaplogroups are present within haplogroup U: U6, U1a, U5b1, U5b2, and U5b3. Haplogroup HV derives from the haplogroup R0 which in turn derives from haplogroup R is a descendant of macro-haplogroup N like its sibling M, is a descendant of haplogroup L3. com Haplogroup U5b2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Balintore. 2%. It looks to me as if the U5 haplogroup moved west from SE Europe via Italy and on to Spain. Mitochondrial haplogroup U is a diverse haplotype with many sub-lineages. K1a4a1 split up ~9. U5b2a1. I notice on SMGF that there is an exact (rare to uncommon) HVR1 match to me from Bulgaria. Here are my results (with my own little notes to keep me on the right track). However, they can   We evaluated the role of mitochondrial haplogroups derived from 138 mitochondrial haplogroup UK may confer genetic susceptibility to AD independently of . We recommend everyone to join the relevant Y-DNA projects in addition to the Norway Project, and for final designation of subclades within your haplogroup we refer to the Y-haplogroup projects. Let’s focus here on mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is H1, as it is the Genographic Project’s most common maternal lineage result. I2a1b. That pre-historic migration from the Jutland peninsula may have something to do with that. U5b2. 5%), and more frequent in the Spanish Basques. (2009) tested Mesolithic remains from several locations across Europe, and found one haplogroup U5a(9,800 ybp) at the Chekalino site in the Volga-Ural region of Russia, one U5a1 (10,000 to 8,000 ybp) at the Lebyazhinka site in the Middle Volga region of Russia, one U5b2 (9,200 ybp) at the Falkensteiner Höhle cave in Baden Polymorphisms 12372A, 12308G, and 11467G characterize the UK cluster. " While there is uncertainty in the age estimates of these subclades, it seems likely that a population decline during the LGM is the cause of the lack of ancient diversity or branching in haplogroup U5. 150. K1a4a1a2b split up ~1. 808 ybp PERFECT MATCH terminal subclade 11511. Sep 18, 2013 · Updated December 7, 2014 – GenBank submissions utilizing Ian Logan’s GenBank by Haplogroup Program and Haplogroup A, A2, A4, B, C, D, M and X projects at Family Tree DNA Updated January 2, 2015 – added kit numbers to 2014 Anzick extracted data In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Among the oldest mtDNA haplogroups found in European remains of Homo sapiens is U5. The definition of a haplogroup is the group of all the paternal descendants of the single person who first showed that SNP  25 May 2016 The U5b haplogroup is thought to have arisen in Europe between 20,000 Only two were of the U5b2 lineage and none were of the U5b2c1  The results show that the most ancient haplogroup is L3*, which would have been introduced to North Africa from eastern sub-Saharan pop- ulations around  11 Mar 2019 Mitochondrial haplogroups (hgs) were assigned for each individual individuals were assigned to U lineage (haplogroups U, U3b, U5b2), two  9 Apr 2019 exclusively to YDNA haplogroup I, more specifically to the I2a U5b2. Haplogroup B is now most common among populations native to Southeast Asia, as well as speakers of Sino-Tibetan languages and Austronesian languages. Usb. In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Only four people in the whole world are known to belong to it, and two of them are dead. 0. Subclades Mitochondrial lineages were also exclusively of Mesolithic European origin (U4a, U4b, U4d, U5a1, U5a2, U5b2, as well as one J2b1 and one U2e1). In contrast to U4, Hg U5b2 is rare among French Basques (2. May 20, 2020 · Classification table. Within haplogroup U2, the first mutation occurred in U2b’c’d’e. МтДНК днепро донецкой культуры представлена исключительно женщинами европейского происхождения, периода мезолита — U4a, U4b, U4d, U5a1, U5a2, U5b2, а также одна J2b1 и одна U2e1, все эти мтДНК гаплогруппы U5b2 arose between 17,000 and 23,000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 1721 13637( + U5b polymorphisms). [65] Mitochondrial haplogroup U5a has also been associated with HIV infected individuals displaying accelerated progression to AIDS and death. Its age is between 7,000 and 18,300 years (Behar et al. To shed some light on the origin of haplogroup U5b3, we surveyed a wide range of European (and neighboring) populations for the presence of U5 mtDNAs lacking the diagnostic markers of haplogroups U5b1 and U5b2. 2 Apr 2015 This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup U subclades is based on the U5b2. I1819 most likely is the same sample as Ukraine_HG1 with mtDNA U5b2 and Y-DNA I2a2a. A subclade of B4b (which is sometimes labeled B2) is one of five haplogroups found among the indigenous peoples of the Americas , the others being A , C , D , and X . These haplogroups have led some researchers to trace the matrilineal inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in Africa and the subsequent spread across the globe Results reveal Nancy's Haplogroup to be U5, and more likely, U5b, or U5b2, which is referred to as Ursula in Dr. Haplogroups can be determined from the remains of historical figures, or derived fromgenealogical DNA tests of people who trace their direct maternal or paternal   10 Jun 2014 My paternal haplogroup is common among Finns and Saami, so I suppose I could say I "share DNA" with either group if I wanted to. If you test enought SNPs (FTDNA apparently tests about 22), the results of those SNP tests in conjunction with your HVR1 results will produce a haplogroup identification. According to the authors of the study, "Probably Napoléon also knew his remote oriental patrilineal origins, because Francesco Buonaparte (the Giovanni son), who was a mercenary under the orders of the Haplogroup U5 is present among around 11% of the total modern European population. Lineage U2 is prevalent in  20 Sep 2006 have studied their mtDNA haplogroup frequencies and complete mtDNA genome the subhaplogroups U5b1b, U5b1b1, U5b1a, U5b1, U5b2. Ok So I am working on trying to piece together my family tree on my mother's side since my moms, mom (my grandmother) past away when my mom was 7 years old we don't know a lot about that side of the family. Five Mesolithic U5 samples, all dating from c. 19 In 2006, a third uncommon branch, named U5b3, harboring the control-region motif 16169A-16192-16235-16270-16519-150 was detected only in Sardinia, 34 an island that remained unconnected with the Aug 30, 2015 · I have focused on my y-dna line so much that I am woefully ignorant when it comes to mtDNA. U5b2 (mtDNA) U8a1 (mtDNA) U8a1a (mdDNA) Famous Members (to be added) How to Participate. It was shown that the “Saami motif” variant of mtDNA haplogroup U5b is present in a (2002) as “U5b2,” on the basis of its position in the phylogenetic tree. See full list on geni. preprint. Its various subclades (labelled U1–U9, diverging over the course of the Upper Paleolithic) are found widely distributed across Northern and Eastern Europe, Central, Western and South Asia, as well as North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and the Canary Islands Haplogroup U5 was the most common maternal lineage among European hunter-gatherers, not just during the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic, but until much later in North and Northeast Europe, notably with the Sami people. 8,000 years ago, were tested for both mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosomal DNA. U5b2 -. The clade spread from there during the Neolithic, primarily into North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Socotra, the Caucasus, Europe, West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Haplogroup U can be split into 9 sub-hplogroups. 617 ybp 11511. 052 ybp 1151. Number ofpPredicted haplogroup (in colums) against observed haplogroups (in rows) U5a1 U5a2 U5b1 U5b2 U5b3; U5a1: 957: 0: 0: 0: 0: U5a2: 0: 448 The most notable findings emerging from the analysis of haplogroup composition are: (i) lack of U8a mitochondrial lineage, a rare subhaplogroup recently identified in Basques and proposed as a Jan 31, 2014 · According to 23andMe the haplogroup U5b2a1 is most concentrated in Finland, and would explain the Finnish and Swedish that pops up in my Ancestry Calculators. com was found for subhaplogroup U5b2. Today Haplogroup U is about 11% of modern Europeans and are most common in western Britain and Scandinavia. These haplogroups have led some researchers to trace the [[matrilineal]] inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in [[Africa]] and the subsequent  haplogroups are H (including subhaplogroups like H2a2a and H5a1) and U ( including the subhaplogroups U5b1 and U5b2), while less common ones include   3 Jul 2020 The oldest individual PES001 belonged to mtDNA haplogroup (hg) U4 Miloslavka. May 20, 2020 · I have made some experiments with predicting major haplogroup branch (U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2, U5b3) using machine learning techniques. For all subjects involved, an appropriate informed consent was obtained and institutional review boards at the In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. DNA Molecule. 96. This haplogroup has its highest concentration in Ethiopia and in theNear East . U5b2a1a. Only A similar age was found for subhaplogroup U5b2. Apr 21, 2013 · The Cimbri, or etc, tribe at the end of that of that long posting above may have something to do with mtDNA U5b2. Haplogroup H1, Genographic’s most common lineage. Family Tree DNA, The U8 Haplogroup Haplogroup J-M304, also known as J, [Phylogenetics 1] is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Resources. So my question is would my Maternal Great Aunt (my moms,moms sister) have the same haplogroup as mine?? haplogroup u5b2 crs a263g a750g a1438g a2706g a4769g c7028t a8860g c14766t a15326g r0 a73g g11719a u a11467g a12308g g12372a u5 t3197c g9477a t13617c c16192t c16270t u5b c150t a7768g t14182c u5b2 c1721t a13637g 1. Haplogroup I-M253 in Sami is explained by immigration (of men) during the 14th century. U5b2a2a. 935 ybp Haplogroup designations for Y-DNA is developing at a high speed with the BigY test results. Haplogroup is the term scientists use to describe a group of mitochondrial (maternal haplogroups) or Y-chromosome (paternal haplogroup) sequences that are more closely related to one another than to others. These haplogroups have led some researchers to trace the matrilineal inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in Africa and the subsequent spread across the globe. Haplogroup H has also been found among Iberomaurusian specimens dating from the Epipaleolithic at the Taforalt and Afalou prehistoric sites. U6b. org Jun 09, 2013 · This is the number of full genome samples available in each of the five major U5 subclades: "As of March 25, 2013, including the U5a and U5b FGS projects and GenBank, we have 1160 full mtDNA sequences for Haplogroup U5, with the following totals by subclade:" Mesolithic Europeans would have belonged essentially to Y-haplogroup I, while R1a and R1b were present mostly in eastern Europe. U1 is found in the Svanetia region of Georgia at 4. U6a. 022. FTDNA: 249550 U5b2 arose between 17,000 and 23,000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 1721 13637( + U5b polymorphisms). com Haplogroup U is a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup (mtDNA). 1 and insertions in the HV2 poly-C 16189-16270. It is also present at lower frequencies and with much lower diversity in the Near East and parts of northern Africa. So far I have had best luck in classification accuracy with multinominal logistic regression so I will present those results. haplogroup r0a2'3 crs a263g a750g a1438g a2706g a4769g c7028t a8860g c14766t a15326g r0a'b t58c c64t t2442c t16362c r0a t3847c c13188t t16126c U5b2 split up ~20. These will be described below. 3370. Female XX. U5a/b. U5b2a2. 54. mtDNA Haplogroup U5b2a Phylotree History Phylotree. The clade arose from haplogroup R, likely during the early Upper Paleolithic. Sep 13, 2017 · Haplogroup V is a relatively rare mtDNA haplogroup, occurring in around 4% of native Europeans. Additionally, haplogroup U5 is found in small  times). 07. Oct 19, 2012 · U5b2 Is Upper Paleolithic/Mesolithic European In origin Based on the results of ancient remains from Mesolithic Europe I am pretty much convinced that the U5b2 subclade of mtDNA haplogroup U5 has it's origins in the Upper Paleolithic/Mesolithic pre-agricultural Europe population of hunter-gatherers. The profile must be set to public in order to add it. U5a. PES001 comes from a burial site in what is now northwestern Russia and is dated to a whopping 10785–10626 calBCE. K1a split up ~18. Haplogroup H* Haplogroup H1 [67] Haplogroup H1* Haplogroup H1a Haplogroup H1a1 Haplogroup H1b Haplogroup H1f In our network, five subhaplogroups are present within haplogroup U: U6, U1a, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3. SG StPet2, collection 1/1/04 4519-4343 calBCE U5b2 I2a2a Note how IDs, alternative IDs and mtDNA are switched in Mathieson and Wang. Therefore, unless you inherited a Y chromosome from your father, you will not have a paternal haplogroup assignment. U7 split up ~18. Its subclades include R1a1b1b2a1a1, R1a1b1b2a1a2, R1a1b1b2a1a3, and R1a1b1b2a1a4. And over time differentiated into subgroups. It has been found at a frequency of approximately 10% among the Maris of the Volga-Ural region, leading to the suggestion that this region might be the source of the See full list on eupedia. Haplogroup U5b1 Haplogroup U5b2 Haplogroup U6 Haplogroup U6a* Haplogroup U6a1 Haplogroup U6b Haplogroup U7 Haplogroup U8 Haplogroup pre-HV. Dec 24, 2013 · Your haplogroup also places you within a community of relatives, some distant, with whom you unmistakably share an ancestor way back when. See full list on eupedia. It also seems likely that U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2 and U5b3 were each present in ice age refugia in southern Europe. People are  In Europe, mtDNA haplogroups are quite evenly spread over the continent, and therefore cannot be associated easily with ancient ethnicities. The modern Basques and Cantabrians possess almost exclusively U5b lineages (U5b1f, U5b1c1, U5b2). The lineage diverged around 55,000 years ago, and because of this early split, U lineages are found across a wide geographical area. 034 ybp 1151. U5b3: The subclade is found primary on the island of Sardinia. USala. Therefore, a post-LGM re- See full list on familypedia. It's coded by Family Tree DNA as haplogroup R1b1b2a1a. XC A13017G FTDNA Tree: Link Parent Branch: U5b2 Mitochondrial DNA being essential for energy production, it could be that the mutations selected in early U5 subclades (U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2) conferred an  I have made some experiments with predicting major haplogroup branch (U5a1, U5a2, U5b1, U5b2, U5b3) using machine learning techniques. U5b2b; U5b2c. 1 ± 5,668. com See full list on eupedia. , 2012b). These haplogroups have led  *For each mtDNA haplogroup, 73, 263, 315.